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"You take your rights, you do not beg for them;
you do not buy them with tears but with blood."
- José Martí

José Martí: Apostle of Cuban Independence

Part 1 | 2 | 3 | 4

by Jerry A. Sierra

Jose Marti


While preparing his defense for the 1953 attack on the Moncada barracks, the first act of unified rebellion against Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista, Fidel Castro requested the writings of his idol, José Martí. The Batista regime denied him access to Martí’s work, or even paper on which to prepare his case, but in the now famous “History Will Absolve Me” defense speech, Castro cited, from memory, ten references to the works of Martí.

More than twenty years later, when Ronald Reagan and the U.S. government began to broadcast state-funded, anti-Castro radio programs at the island, they named their station after the long lost Cuban hero.  Radio Martí eventually developed a television counterpart, called TV Martí.

Who was José Martí, and why does everyone use his name so freely to validate and promote their vastly contrasting philosophies?

“Martí is the liberator of always and forever” wrote Eduardo Abril Amores in the Cuban newspaper El Diario de Cuba of May 19 1942. “The warrior of every epoch and the eternal thought of Cuba. Nobody has said, since Martí’s death, anything that he had not said. He was the pinnacle of Cuban liberty, of the Cuban ideal, and of Cuba’s political genius. Martí was Cuba’s Infinite. Martí reached a point beyond which there is nothing.” (Amores)

Martí/Apostle - Part 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |

Articles by José Martí
Our America | Antonio Maceo | My Race | Montecristi Manifesto | Our Ideas | Cuban Revolutionary Party | Platform of the Cuban Revolutionary Party (CRP) | Secret Statutes of the CRP | Order to Revolt

Letters José Martí
Letter to Maximo Gomez, 1884 (in which he resigns from the revolutionary movement) | Last letter to his mother, March 25 1895 | Unfinished letter to his friend Manuel Mercado, May 18 1895 | To Antonio Maceo: July 20 1882 / June 18 1894 / June 22 1894 / January 19 1895

José Martí Entrance | Timeline | Books | Photos

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